Speech Disfluency in English Oral Performance Between Male and Female of Indonesian Undergraduates

  • Ivan Rifai Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Endang Fauziati Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Abdul Asib Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: Speech Disfluency, Gender, Non-Native Speaker.


The occurrence of non-fluency is an astonishing phenomenon since it commonly reflects in non-native even in English native speakers’ oral performance. The study of non-fluency based on gender (male and female) is substantial to conduct due to the distinct oral performance of both speakers' varieties. The present research aims to investigate the features of disfluency in English oral performance between male and female EFL learners and investigate the difference of disfluency in both speaker varieties. This research also finds out the factors that influence the occurrence of disfluency in the speakers’ speeches. The participants of this study are 16 undergraduates consisting of 8 male and 8 female speakers of English education students at a private university in Indonesia. The field research and in-depth interview are implemented during the study. The outcome shows that both varieties of speakers produce non-fluencies (filled pause, silent pause, repetition, prolongation, hesitation, incomplete phrase, broken word, false start, grammatical error) in their English oral production. The distinction of total number of disfluency and the distinction of disfluency sequence in the speeches become the finding that differentiates disfluency in male and female. The cognitive, social, and psychological sources are found as factors that contribute to the occurrence of those disfluencies. The introduction to the notion of disfluency features and well training activities that focuses on bringing up fluency are strongly recommended by this paper in order to make the EFL speakers’ speeches sound more eloquent and more natural.  

How to Cite
Rifai, I., Fauziati, E., & Asib, A. (2022). Speech Disfluency in English Oral Performance Between Male and Female of Indonesian Undergraduates. Dialogos, 26(1), 308-320. https://doi.org/10.4025/dialogos.v26i1.191