Analysis of The Embung Dukun Plan’s Social Economy Impact and Environmental Conservation
Embung Dukun is a man-made reservoir (retention basin) that will be constructed for a variety of purposes, including conservation, irrigation, and tourism. The plan and design of the such reservoir sometime lack of social economy and environmental analysis. The objectives of the study include identification of environmental problems, analysis of potential impacts and management of the environment, and evaluation of conservation initiatives. Data were collected from a variety of primary and secondary sources. The study adopts a descriptive approach using both qualitative and quantitative methods. Embung Dukun emphasizes environmental issues, including the components of land resources (land planning, land use, land cover, and critical areas), erosion and sedimentation, and water resources (surface water quality, surface water potential, water demand, and water sources). Potential environmental impacts include reduced air quality, increased noise pollution, reduced surface water quality, job and business opportunities, community income, public perception, public dissatisfaction, social comfort, public health, and the potential for social conflict. Protection from floods and droughts, prevention of erosion and sedimentation, and preservation of riverbanks are examples of potential environmental protection measures. The results of this study can be used to regulate and monitor environmental impacts and to ensure the long-term sustainability of development based on Embung Dukun and other comparable structures.
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